Between 1905 and 1914 half the population of the western plains region died. , The presidential election results were announced on 24 July 2015. SOS Children, an NGO, uses HIV testing and prevention strategies, counseling, de-stigmatization, antiretroviral drugs and condoms to combat AIDS. Representing over 100 years of innovation, learn how UPS grew into the largest package delivery company in the world. Massacres and one-party rule.
1500s - Distinct Burundian kingdom emerges. The new president makes a greater effort than his predecessors to deal with the nation's ethnic problem (part of the reason for the 1988 uprising and repression may be a disappointed Hutu expectation of rapid improvements under his new regime).
 Lemarchand notes that, while crushing the rebellion was the first priority, the genocide was successful in a number of other objectives: ensuring the long-term stability of the Tutsi state by eliminating Hutu elites and potential elites; turning the army, police and gendarmerie into a Tutsi monopoly; denying the potential return of monarchy through the murder of Ntare V; and creating a new legitimacy for the Hima-dominated state as protector of the country, especially for the previously fractious Tutsi-Banyaruguru.. See also the list of Kings of Burundi, list of colonial governors of Burundi, and list of Presidents of Burundi. Although the Germans came into power first, the Kingdom ended up being shared by Belgians and British rulers in 1923.
The organization reported that the government had arrested critics, muzzled the press, committed human rights abuses, and tightened its control over the economy, and that "unless it [reversed] this authoritarian course, it risk[ed] triggering violent unrest and losing the gains of peace process.". The first European to enter Rwanda is a German, Count von Götzen, who visits the court of Rwabugiri in 1894. More than 24,000 people fled Burundi in April, as tensions mounted ahead of presidential elections in June, the UN refugee agency said.  The first and largest of these political parties was the Union for National Progress (UPRONA). Germans officially commenced rule in 1899 when Burundi befell into the German East Africa colonies. 1959-1961 - Independence drive led by cross-communal UPRONA party of Prince Louis Rwagasore, which wins 1961 legislative elections. Enjoy the Famous Daily, When first described by Europeans - and in particular by. One such, in 1988 in the northern provinces of Ntega and Marangara, leads to another massacre of Hutus, bringing this time about 20,000 deaths.
Burundi has a rich historical origin based on its ethnic settlers.  In an effort to attract sympathy from the United States, the Tutsi-dominated government accused the Hutu rebels of having Communist leanings, although there is no credible evidence that this was actually the case. Smaller Hutu rebel group, Forces for National Liberation (FNL), remains active.